The topic of surrogacy does not stand alone. It is a part of the far bigger topic of artificial reproductive technology, which includes the harvesting of sperm and eggs, the creation of embryos, in vitro fertilisation and gender selection, to name a few. Even more important, at the centre of all of these discussions is the deeply emotional matter of infertility and its effect on families.
For the several groups that are affected by the opportunities and challenges that advancements in medical science have created, from the fertility management clinics to the expectant parents and the innocent products of the treatments, the risks and uncertainties require careful consideration. Not only are the risks measured by the high costs of treatment, but the question that looms large is whether the agreements on which the various relationships are forged are enforceable.